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"I speak not of you all: I know whom I have chosen: but that the scripture may be fulfilled, He that eateth bread with me hath lifted up his heel against me." John 13:18




Subject Prophecy Fulfillment
The Messiah's betrayer would be a friend whom he broke bread with. Psalm 41:9 Mark 14:17-18
The Messiah would be betrayed for thirty pieces of silver. Zechariah 11:12-13a Mathew 26:14-15
Thirty pieces of silver would be thrown into the house of the Lord. Zechariah 11:12-13c Matthew 27:3-5
The potter's field would be uninhabited. Psalm 69:25 Acts 1:16-20
The Messiah's betrayer would have a short life. Psalm 109:8a Acts 1:16-18
The Messiah's betrayer would be replaced. Psalm 109:8b Acts 1:20-26



The Messiah's betrayer would be a friend whom he broke bread with.
Prophecy Fulfillment
Psalm 41:9
"Yea, mine own familiar friend, in whom I trusted, which did eat of my bread, hath lifted up his heel against me.-"
Mark 14:17-18
" 17 And in the evening he cometh with the twelve. 18 And as they sat and did eat, Jesus said, Verily I say unto you, One of you which eateth with me shall betray me."
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Matthew 26:20-25,  Luke 22:21-23,  John 13:18-30

The Messiah would be betrayed for thirty pieces of silver.
Prophecy Fulfillment
Zechariah 11:12-13a
" 12 And I said unto them, If ye think good, give me my price; and if not, forbear. So they weighed for my price thirty pieces of silver. 13 And the Lord said unto me, Cast it unto the potter: a goodly price that I was prised at of them. And I took the thirty pieces of silver, and cast them to the potter in the house of the Lord."
Matthew 26:14-15
" 14 Then one of the twelve, called Judas Iscariot, went unto the chief priests, 15 And said unto them, What will ye give me, and I will deliver him unto you? And they convenanted with him for thirty pieces of silver."
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Matthew 27:3

Thirty pieces of silver would be thrown into the house of the Lord.
Prophecy Fulfillment
Zechariah 11:12-13c
" 12 And I said unto them, If ye think good, give me my price; and if not, forbear. So they weighed for my price thirty pieces of silver. 13 And the Lord said unto me, Cast it unto the potter: a goodly price that I was prised at of them. And I took the thirty pieces of silver, and cast them to the potter in the house of the Lord."
Matthew 27:3-5
" 3 Then Judas, which had betrayed him, when he saw that he was condemned, repented himself, and brought again the thirty pieces of silver to the chief priests and elders, 4 Saying, I have sinned in that I have betrayed the innocent blood. And they said, What is that to us? see thou to that. 5 And he cast down the pieces of silver in the temple, and departed, and went and hanged himself."
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Notes

The thirty pieces of silver were to be cast (or "flung") to the potter's area in the temple compound. It is interesting to note that the appearance and rejection of Messiah, the Shepherd of Israel, had to have occurred before the destruction of the temple in 70 C.E., when it was completely destroyed by the Romans in their devastation of Jerusalem.

In Matthew's description of the dialog between the Judas and the chief preists (Matthew 27:3-10) he quotes Zechariah 11:12, and yet ascribes the words to Jeremiah. The words may be attributed to Jeremiah since the books of the prophets started with Jeremiah, and so Matthew uses a common approach of the day by citing the head book in the prophetic book collection. This approach was used by Jesus in Luke 24:44 when He says "... These are the words which I spake unto you, while I was yet with you, that all things must be fulfilled, which were written in the law of Moses, and in the prophets, and in the psalms, concerning me." Instead of saying the "writings," Jesus references the Psalms, the first book in the group. 1

1. It should be noted however, that there is a further connection to Jeremiah. Jeremiah speaks of a field (used by the people for human sacrifices to idols) where a piece of pottery is broken to symbolize the judgement that was to come upon Judah, "... Thus saith the Lord of hosts; Even so will I break this people and this city, as one breaketh a potters vessel, that cannot be made whole again: and they shall bury them in Tophet, till there be no place to bury" (Jeremiah 19:11). The east gate entrance to the field was called the "Potsherd Gate," and imperfect and broken temple pottery was discarded in this field. Thus the designation "potter's field." The field purchased by the chief priests in Matthew 27:6-10 was part of Tophet (also called "the valley of the son Hinnom") that is spoken of in Jeremiah chapter 19. In Jeremiah 19:6 the Lord calls this area "the valley of slaughter," and in Matthew 27:8 it is named "the field of blood." While it cannot be disputed that Matthew 27:9 is quoting from Zechariah, his reference to Jeremiah can be understood to be in connection with the field. To summarize, Matthew's reference to Jeremiah can be seen as communicating two points, 1) Zechariah's prophecy is a continuation of the prophecy in Jeremiah chapter 19, and 2) to alert the Jewish people that they had brought severe judgement upon themselves by rejecting Jesus, the Good Shepherd. Reference Jeremiah 7:31-34, 18:1-4, and 19:1-15.

Other reasons cited for Matthew's reference to Jeremiah instead of Zechariah: 1) Jeremiah, not Zechariah actually wrote the referenced chapters in Zechariah (seems very unlikely), and 2) because of the similarity of the abbreviated form of their names in the Greek, an error was made by an early copyist thinking that the text for the name Zechariah was the text for the name Jeremiah.

The potter's field would be uninhabited.
Prophecy Fulfillment
Psalm 69:25
"Let their habitation be desolate; and let none dwell in their tents."
Acts 1:16-20
" 16 Men and brethren, this scripture must needs have been fulfilled, which the Holy Ghost by the mouth of David spake before concerning Judas, which was guide to them that took Jesus. 17 For he was numbered with us, and had obtained part of this ministry. 18 Now this man purchased a field with the reward of iniquity; and falling headlong, he burst asunder in the midst, and all his bowels gushed out." 19 And it was known unto all the dwellers at Jerusalem; insomuch as that field is called, in their proper tongue, Aceldama, that is to say, The field of blood. 20 For it is written in the book of Psalms, Let his habitation be desolate, and let no man dwell therein: and, His bishoprick let another take."
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Matthew 27:3-8

The Messiah's betrayer would have a short life.
Prophecy Fulfillment
Psalm 109:8a
"Let his days be few; and let another take his office."
Acts 1:16-18
" 16 Men and brethren, this scripture must needs have been fulfilled, which the Holy Ghost by the mouth of David spake before concerning Judas, which was guide to them that took Jesus. 17 For he was numbered with us, and had obtained part of this ministry. 18 Now this man purchased a field with the reward of iniquity; and falling headlong, he burst asunder in the midst, and all his bowels gushed out."

John 17:12
"While I was with them in the world, I kept them in thy name: those that thou gavest me I have kept, and none of them is lost, but the son of perdition; that the scripture might be fulfilled."

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Matthew 27:5
Notes

Reference Psalm 69:23; "Let their eyes be darkened, that they see not; and make their loins continually to shake."

The Messiah's betrayer would be replaced.
Prophecy Fulfillment
Psalm 109:8b
"Let his days be few; and let another take his office."
Acts 1:20-26
" 20 For it is written in the book of Psalms, Let his habitation be desolate, and let no man dwell therein: and, His bishoprick let another take. ... 24 And they prayed, and said, Thou, Lord, which knowest the hearts of all men, shew whether of these two thou hast chosen, 25 That he may take part of this ministry and apostleship, from which Judas by transgression fell, that he might go to his own place. 26 And they gave forth their lots; and the lot fell upon Matthias; and he was numbered with the eleven apostles."
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