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"And the child grew, and waxed strong in spirit, filled with wisdom: and the grace of God was upon him." Luke 2:40




Subject Prophecy Fulfillment
The Messiah would be born of the "seed" of a woman. Genesis 3:15a Luke 1:34-35
The Messiah would be born of a virgin. Isaiah 7:14a Luke 1:34-35
The Messiah would be born of a virgin. Jeremiah 31:22 Matthew 1:18-20
The Messiah would be Immanuel, "God with us." Isaiah 7:14b Matthew 1:21-23
The Messiah would be called by his name before he was born. Isaiah 49:1c Luke 1:30-31
The Messiah would be born in Bethlehem. Micah 5:2a Matthew 2:1-2
The birth of the Messiah. Isaiah 9:6a Luke 2:11
The Messiah would be protected by God. Isaiah 49:2b Matthew 2:13-15
The Messiah would grow up in a poor family. Isaiah 11:1b Luke 2:7
The Messiah would grow up in a poor family. Isaiah 53:2a Luke 2:7
The Messiah would be aware of his Father from his youth. Psalm 22:9 Luke 2:40



The Messiah would be born of the "seed" of a woman.
Prophecy Fulfillment
Genesis 3:15a
"And I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed; it shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise his heel."
Luke 1:34-35
" 34 Then said Mary unto the angel, How shall this be, seeing I know not a man? 35 And the angel answered and said unto her, The Holy Ghost shall come upon thee, and the power of the Highest shall overshadow thee: therefore also that holy thing which shall be born of thee shall be called the Son of God."
More Prophecies From This Book Additional Fulfillment Examples
Matthew 1:18-20,  John 1:14,  Galatians 4:4
Notes

The phrase "... her seed" is referring to offspring from Eve. As woman do not have seed, Genesis 3:15 gives us a hint of the special and unique birth of the coming one that would "bruise the head" of Satan, defeating sin and death and providing a way atonement for all that accept Him. Reference Isaiah 7:14a, "The Messiah would be born of a virgin."

The Messiah would be born of a virgin.
Prophecy Fulfillment
Isaiah 7:14a
"Therefore the Lord himself shall give you a sign; Behold, a virgin shall conceive, and bear a son, and shall call His name Immanuel."
Luke 1:34-35
" 34 Then said Mary unto the angel, How shall this be, seeing I know not a man? 35 And the angel answered and said unto her, The Holy Ghost shall come upon thee, and the power of the Highest shall overshadow thee: therefore also that holy thing which shall be born of thee shall be called the Son of God."
More Prophecies From This Book Additional Fulfillment Examples
Matthew 1:18:25
Notes

Reference Genesis 3:15, "The Messiah would be born of the "seed" of a woman."  Isaiah 7:14 is a continuation of this theme of the virgin birth of the Messiah.

The Messiah would born of a virgin.
Prophecy Fulfillment
Jeremiah 31:22
"How long wilt thou go about, O thou backsliding daughter? for the Lord hath created a new thing in the earth, A woman shall compass a man."
Matthew 1:18-20
" 18 Now the birth of Jesus Christ was on this wise: When as his mother Mary was espoused to Joseph, before they came together, she was found with child of the Holy Ghost. 19 Then Joseph her husband, being a just man, and not willing to make her a publick example, was minded to put her away privily. 20 But while he thought on these things, behold, the angel of the Lord appeared unto him in a dream, saying, Joseph, thou son of David, fear not to take unto thee Mary thy wife: for that which is conceived in her is of the Holy Ghost."
More Prophecies From This Book Additional Fulfillment Examples
Luke 1:34-35,  John 1:14,  Galatians 4:4
Notes

That a woman should "compass a man," was a "new," and from the Lord. The Hebrew word used here for "man" is "gerber," which means a champion, hero, warrior, mighty man. A form of this same word, "El Gibbor" meaning "the Mighty God," or "God the Champion" is used in Isaiah 9:6, which is a Messianic prophecy.

The Messiah would be Immanuel, "God with us."
Prophecy Fulfillment
Isaiah 7:14b
"Therefore the Lord himself shall give you a sign; Behold, a virgin shall conceive, and bear a son, and shall call His name Immanuel."
Matthew 1:21-23
" 21 And she shall bring forth a son, and thou shalt call his name JESUS: for he shall save his people from their sins. 22 Now all this was done, that it might be fulfilled which was spoken of the Lord by the prophet, saying, 23 Behold, a virgin shall be with child, and shall bring forth a son, and they shall call his name Emmanuel, which being interpreted is, God with us."
More Prophecies From This Book Additional Fulfillment Examples
Luke 7:16

The Messiah would be called by his name before he was born.
Prophecy Fulfillment
Isaiah 49:1c
"LISTEN, O isles, unto me; and hearken, ye people, from far; The Lord hath called me from the womb; from the bowels of my mother hath he made mention of my name."
Luke 1:30-31
" 30 And the angel said unto her, Fear not, Mary: for thou hast found favor with God. 31 And, behold, thou shalt conceive in thy womb, and bring forth a son, and shalt call his name JESUS."
More Prophecies From This Book Additional Fulfillment Examples
Matthew 1:20-21,  Luke 2:21 

The Messiah would be born in Bethlehem.
Prophecy Fulfillment
Micah 5:2a
"But thou, Beth-lehem Ephratah, though thou be little among the thousands of Judah, yet out of thee shall he come forth unto me that is to be ruler in Israel; whose goings forth have been from of old, from everlasting."
Matthew 2:1-2
" 1 NOW when Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judaea in the days of Herod the king, behold, there came wise men from the east to Jerusalem, 2 Saying, Where is he that is born King of the Jews? for we have seen his star in the east, and are come to worship him."
More Prophecies From This Book Additional Fulfillment Examples
Matthew 2:6,  Luke 2:4-7,  John 7:42

The birth of the Messiah.
Prophecy Fulfillment
Isaiah 9:6a
"For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace."
Luke 2:11
"For unto you is born this day in the city of David a Saviour, which is Christ the Lord."
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Notes

Isaiah 9:6  is a progression of the theme of the savior to born that is started in Genesis 3:15, and continued in Isaiah 7:14.

The Messiah would be protected by God.
Prophecy Fulfillment
Isaiah 49:2b
"And he hath made my mouth like a sharp sword; in the shadow of his hand hath he hid me, and made me a polished shaft; in his quiver hath he hid me;"
Matthew 2:13-15
" 13 And when they were departed, behold, the angel of the Lord appeareth to Joseph in a dream, saying, Arise, and take the young child and his mother, and flee into Egypt, and be thou there until I bring thee word: for Herod will seek the young child to destroy him. 14 When he arose, he took the young child and his mother by night, and departed into Egypt: 15 And was there until the death of Herod: that it might be fulfilled which was spoken of the Lord by the prophet, saying, Out of Egypt have I called my son."
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Notes

Shadow is a word used to describe "protection." Here the Messiah is described as being in the protection of God's hand. For other examples of the word shadow being associated with protection, see Isaiah 30:3, Lamentations 4:20, and Psalm 91:1.

The Messiah would grow up in a poor family.
Prophecy Fulfillment
Isaiah 11:1b
"AND there shall come forth a rod out of the stem of Jesse, and a Branch shall grow out of his roots:"
Luke 2:7
"And she brought forth her firstborn son, and wrapped him in swaddling clothes, and laid him in a manager; because there was no room for them in the inn."

Luke 2:22-24
" 22 And when the days of her purification according to the law of Moses were accomplished, they brought him to Jerusalem, to present him to the Lord; 23 (As it is written in the law of the Lord, Every male that openeth the womb shall be called holy to the Lord;) 24 And to offer a sacrifice according to that which is said in the law of the Lord, A pair of turtledoves, or two young pigeons."

More Prophecies Like This Additional Fulfillment Examples
Matthew 8:20,  2 Corinthians 8:9
Notes

Jesse, the father of David, lived in the rural area of Bethlehem and was probably a farmer and a shepherd (1 Samuel 16:11). The word "stem" is from the Hebrew "geza" which means "root stock" or "stump."1  The phrase "stem of Jesse" foretells that the once glorious dynasty of David, the genealogical line from where all kings of royalty and wealth in Israel came, would become nothing more than a poor, unknown, and common family as the house of Jesse was (see 1 Samuel 18:18). Such was the family of Joseph and Mary, parents of Jesus, and descendants of David.

Isaiah chapter 10  speaks of judgement against both Judah and Assyria, and while Assyria would be like the proud forest of Lebanon that has been "hewn down," never to grow again (fulfillment recorded in Isaiah 37:24,  36-38Isaiah 11:1  states that the kingly line of David (also like a tree that has been felled, see Isaiah 6:13) would survive as a humble "stump." This stump would spring forth the "Branch," which is from the Hebrew "netser" meaning "shoot."2  There is general agreement between Judaic and Christian scholars that the word "Branch" is a name for the Messiah, and the name is also referenced in Isaiah 4:2,  Jeremiah 23:5,  33:15,  and  Zechariah 3:8,  6:12.

Luke 2:22-24  describes Jesus' mother Mary going to the temple to make a sacrifice for her cleansing, as was required by the Law (see Leviticus 12:1-8) after giving birth. The fact that she offered a "pair of turtledoves, or two young pigeons" instead of the standard sacrifice of a lamb indicates the poverty of the family of Jesus.3

1. "The KJV Parallel Commentary," page 1320
2. Ibid
3. Dr. Arnold Frutchenbaum, "Messianic Christology" page 42

The Messiah would grow up in a poor family.
Prophecy Fulfillment
Isaiah 53:2a
"For he shall grow up before him as a tender plant, and as a root out of a dry ground: he hath no form nor comeliness; and when we shall see him, there is no beauty that we should desire him."
Luke 2:7
"And she brought forth her firstborn son, and wrapped him in swaddling clothes, and laid him in a manager; because there was no room for them in the inn."

2 Corinthians 8:9
"For ye know the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, that, though he was rich, yet for your sakes he became poor, that ye through his poverty might be rich. "

More Prophecies From This Book Additional Fulfillment Examples
Matthew 8:20,  Luke 2:22-24
Notes

Just as Isaiah 11:1 states that Messiah would be a "rod out of the stem of Jesse," who was a probably a farmer or shepherd and not "royalty" as his son David would become, so here the phrase "a root out of a dry ground" speaks to the fact that by the time Messiah would be born, the royal line of David would be reduced to poor, unknown, and common people. See notes on Isaiah 11:1b, "The Messiah would grow up in a poor family."

The phrase "a root out of a dry ground" has also been connected with the idea that at the time of Messiah, the state of Israel would no longer be sovereign and prosperous, but would be enslaved, demeaned, and humbled.1 Such was the case when Jesus was born, with Israel being subject to authoritarian and oppressive Roman rulership. Franz Delitzsch associates the phrase "a root out of a dry ground" as "the miserable character of the external circumstances in the midst of which the birth and the growth of the servant had taken place."1

Finally, the phrase "as a root out of a dry ground" has sometimes been associated with the fact the Jesus grew up in Nazareth, a place not known for producing anything significant. This association is probably best understood to be an application of Old Testament scripture, and not a literal prophecy regarding the place of Nazareth.

1. Keil & Delitzsch Commentary on the Old Testament, page 504

The Messiah would be aware of his Father from his youth.
Prophecy Fulfillment
Psalm 22:9
"But thou art he that took me out of the womb: thou didst make me hope when I was upon my mothers breasts."
Luke 2:40
"And the child grew, and waxed strong in spirit, filled with wisdom: and the grace of God was upon him."
More Prophecies From This Book Additional Fulfillment Examples
John 1:14,  Hebrews 10:5