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"He that believeth on me, as the scripture hath said, out of his belly shall flow rivers of living water." John 7:38




Subject Prophecy Fulfillment
The Messiah would be a descendant of David. Jeremiah 23:5-6a Luke 3:23-31
The Messiah would be God. Jeremiah 23:5-6b John 13:13
The Messiah would be both God and Man. Jeremiah 23:5-6c 1 Timothy 3:16
The Messiah would be born of a virgin. Jeremiah 31:22 Matthew 1:18-20
The Messiah would be the new covenant. Jeremiah 31:31 Matthew 26:28
The Messiah would be a descendant of David. Jeremiah 33:14-15 Luke 3:23-31



The Messiah would be a descendant of David.
Prophecy Fulfillment
Jeremiah 23:5-6a
" 5 Behold, the days come, saith the Lord, that I will raise unto David a righteous Branch, and a King shall reign and prosper, and shall execute judgment and justice in the earth. 6 In his days Judah shall be saved, and Israel shall dwell safely: and this is his name whereby he shall be called, THE LORD OUR RIGHTEOUSNESS."
Luke 3:23-31
"Jesus... the son of David..."
More Prophecies Like This Additional Fulfillment Examples
Matthew 1:1-17
Notes

Jeremiah 23:1-8 describes the future millienial reign of Jesus as King Messiah. In contrast to the wicked shepherds of Jeremiah's day (Kings Jehoahaz, Jehoiachim, Jehoiachin, and Zedekiah) and those throughout history that have lead the flock of Israel into sin, idolatry, and ultimately captivity, this King will be a good shepherd that rules with wisdom and justice. Whereas Israel's evil rulers have caused its people to be scattered, Jesus says in Matthew 15:24 "... I am not sent but unto the lost sheep of the house of Israel." Verse 4 says "And I will set up shepherds over them which shall feed them..."1   and in John 21:16-17 Jesus speaking to Peter (and all those who become His disciples by accepting Him as Lord) says, "Feed my sheep." The people will be completely regathered to Israel and live safely under the multitude of blessing that the Lord bestows upon them and the land. (Reference a similar description of Jeremiah 23:1-8 in Ezekiel Chapter 34).

Verse 5 describes the royal "Branch" from the line of David,2   He will be the good and righteous King who will rule out of Zion. In Luke 1:32-33 the angel that visited Mary before Jesus was born spoke of Jesus' destiny to reign on the throne of David, "He shall be great, and shall be called the Son of the Highest; and the Lord God shall give unto him the throne of his father David: And he shall reign over the house of Jacob for ever; and of his kingdom there shall be no end." Messiah is to be descendent of David, a continuation of God's promise that Nathan delivered to David in 2 Samuel 7:12-13. The phrase "... and shall execute judgment and justice in the earth," this will occur upon the second coming of Jesus when His enemies are made a footstool for His feet (Psalm 110:1), and on his vesture and on his thigh a name written, KING OF KINGS, AND LORD OF LORDS (Revelation 19:16).

Verse 6, "... The Lord our Righteousness," 1) The name "the Lord" speaks to this King's divinity, see Jeremiah 23:6, "The Messiah would be God." 2) The second part of the name".. our Righteousness," in John 10:11 Jesus says, "I am the good shepherd: the good shepherd giveth his life for the sheep." By giving His life for us to satisfy the judgement that we owed, we were justified and made righteous before God, "For he hath made him to be sin for us, who knew no sin; that we might be made the righteousness of God in him" (2 Corinthians 5:21).

1. These good shepherds are typified in post-Babylonian captivity leaders like Zerubbabel, Ezra, Nehemiah, and others but more fully realized in the saints that will rule with Jesus, King Messiah in the age to come.

2. Branch, a Messianic metaphor, literally meaning "shoot" or "sprout," and signifying the new life that Messiah brings to the Davidic monarchy that was presumed dead, and the new life that He brings to all mankind. Isaiah 4:2 speaks of the Branch of the Lord, Isaiah 11:1-5 describes the Spirit-filled Branch, Jeremiah 23:5 and 33:15 presents the Branch, the King from the royal line of David, Zechariah 3:8 outlines God's "Servant," the Branch, and Zechariah 6:12 offers the "Man" who is the Branch. David Baron in his classic book "Rays of Messiah's Glory" states that the Hebrew word translated in English as "Branch" in Jeremiah 23:5 means "son" in its literal and natural sense. He goes on to say that this is the verse most generally quoted by Jews as proof that the Messiah is to be the Son of David.

The Messiah would be God.
Prophecy Fulfillment
Jeremiah 23:5-6b
" 5 Behold, the days come, saith the Lord, that I will raise unto David a righteous Branch, and a King shall reign and prosper, and shall execute judgment and justice in the earth. 6 In his days Judah shall be saved, and Israel shall dwell safely: and this is his name whereby he shall be called, THE LORD OUR RIGHTEOUSNESS."
John 13:13
"Ye call me Master and Lord: and ye say well; for so I am."

John 12:45
" And he that seeth me seeth him that sent me."

More Prophecies Like This Additional Fulfillment Examples
Matthew 22:41-45,  Mark 12:35-37,  Luke 20:41-44,  John 1:1-14,  8:58,  10:30,  10:38,  14:7-10,  Romans 9:5,  Philippians 2:5-7  Colossians 2:9  1 Timothy 3:16,  Titus 2:13,  Hebrews 1:3,  1:8-9,  2:14
Notes

The Hebrew text for the name LORD used in Jeremiah 23:6 is "YHWH" (commonly rendered "Jehovah"), clearly referring to God (and not a social position of man). The King described here is called, "THE LORD OUR RIGHTEOUSNESS," signifying his deity.1  Whereas Israel's good kings and bad kings alike were sinners, this descendent of David would be holy and righteous.

In Jeremiah 33:16, the same name, "THE LORD OUR RIGHTEOUSNESS" is applied to Jerusalem. Some point to this to say that the name in Jeremiah 23:6 also refers to Jerusalem. However, given the geneological reference of Jeremiah 23:5 and the fact that Jeremiah presents this righteous King as a contrast to the wicked Kings of the past, this verse clearly indicates a person and not a city.2  Why is the name "THE LORD OUR RIGHTEOUSNESS" given to Jerusalem in Jeremiah 33:16? Because One who rules with righteousness like no other is upon the throne in Zion. Jerusalem will be ruled by a just and righteousness King and the city itself will take on these attributes. The city is immersed in the glorious radiance of a holy King and cannot help but be transformed and reflect the righteousness bestowed upon it. Who is this king? It is Jesus, King Messiah, our savior, and our righteousness (1 Corinthians 1:30). All believers in the saving work of Jesus become His bride, and just as a bride takes on the name of her husband, so Jerusalem takes on the name of her King, "THE LORD OUR RIGHTEOUSNESS."

1. Dr. Arnold Fruchtenbaum in his book "Messianic Christology" writes that while there were people throughout the scriptures who had names with "Jehovah" (rendered "LORD" in the King James translation) in them, "It needs to be realized that in none of these cases are all four of the letters YHVH found. Usually twos letters are found, sometimes three, but nowhere are all four letters of the name of God ever used in relation to a human being."

2. Dr. James Smith, in his book "What the Bible Teaches About the Promised Messiah" notes that the Jews interpreted "THE LORD OUR RIGHTEOUSNESS" in Jeremiah 23:6 as personal Messianic title, and that it is recorded as such in the Targum, Midrash, and Talmud.

The Messiah would be both God and man.
Prophecy Fulfillment
Jeremiah 23:5-6c
" 5 Behold, the days come, saith the Lord, that I will raise unto David a righteous Branch, and a King shall reign and prosper, and shall execute judgment and justice in the earth. 6 In his days Judah shall be saved, and Israel shall dwell safely: and this is his name whereby he shall be called, THE LORD OUR RIGHTEOUSNESS."
1 Timothy 3:16
"And without controversy great is the mystery of godliness: God was manifest in the flesh, justified in the Spirit, seen of angels, preached unto the Gentiles, believed on in the world, received up into glory."

Colossians 2:9
"For in him dwelleth all the fulness of the Godhead bodily."

More Prophecies Like This Additional Fulfillment Examples
Matthew 22:41-45,  Mark 12:35-37,  Luke 20:41-44,  John 1:1-14,  8:58,  10:30,  10:38,  13:13,  12:45,  14:7-10,  Romans 9:5,  Philippians 2:5-7  Titus 2:13,  Hebrews 1:3,  1:8-9,  2:14
Notes

Jeremiah 23:6 tells us that Messiah is to be God, and yet verse 5 states that he will be a human descendent of the line of David. This is reminiscent of Psalm 110:1, which Jesus referenced when he said to the Pharisees, "If David then calls him "Lord," how is he his son?" (Matthew 22:45).

The Messiah would born of a virgin.
Prophecy Fulfillment
Jeremiah 31:22
"How long wilt thou go about, O thou backsliding daughter? for the Lord hath created a new thing in the earth, A woman shall compass a man."
Matthew 1:18-20
" 18 Now the birth of Jesus Christ was on this wise: When as his mother Mary was espoused to Joseph, before they came together, she was found with child of the Holy Ghost. 19 Then Joseph her husband, being a just man, and not willing to make her a publick example, was minded to put her away privily. 20 But while he thought on these things, behold, the angel of the Lord appeared unto him in a dream, saying, Joseph, thou son of David, fear not to take unto thee Mary thy wife: for that which is conceived in her is of the Holy Ghost."
More Prophecies Like This Additional Fulfillment Examples
Luke 1:34-35,  John 1:14,  Galatians 4:4
Notes

That a woman should "compass a man," was a "new," and from the Lord. The Hebrew word used here for "man" is "gerber," which means a champion, hero, warrior, mighty man. A form of this same word, "El Gibbor" meaning "the Mighty God," or "God the Champion" is used in Isaiah 9:6, which is a Messianic prophecy.

The Messiah would be the new covenant.
Prophecy Fulfillment
Jeremiah 31:31
"Behold, the days come, saith the Lord, that I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel, and with the house of Judah:"
Matthew 26:28
"For this is my blood of the new testament, which is shed for many for the remission of sins."
More Prophecies Like This Additional Fulfillment Examples
Mark 14:24,  Luke 22:20,  Hebrews 8:8-13,  10:14-22,  12:24

The Messiah would be a descendant of David.
Prophecy Fulfillment
Jeremiah 33:14-15
" 14 Behold, the days come, saith the Lord, that I will raise unto David a righteous Branch, and a King shall reign and prosper, and shall execute judgment and justice in the earth. 15 In those days, and at that time, will I cause the Branch of righteousness to grow up unto David; and he shall execute judgment and righteousness in the land."
Luke 3:23-31
"Jesus... the son of David..."
More Prophecies Like This Additional Fulfillment Examples
Matthew 1:1-17