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"I am the good shepherd: the good shepherd giveth his life for the sheep." John 10:11




Zechariah 1-10 Zechariah 11 Zechariah 12-14

Subject Prophecy Fulfillment
The Messiah's body would be pierced. Zechariah 12:10a John 19:34-37
The Messiah would be both God and man. Zechariah 12:10b John 10:30
The Messiah would be rejected. Zechariah 12:10c John 1:11
It was God's will that the Messiah would die for all mankind. Zechariah 13:7a John 18:11
The Messiah would die a violent death. Zechariah 13:7b Matthew 27:35
The Messiah would be both God and man Zechariah 13:7c John 14:9
Israel would be scattered as a result of rejecting the Messiah Zechariah 13:7d Matthew 26:31-56



The Messiah's body would be pierced.
Prophecy Fulfillment
Zechariah 12:10a
"And I will pour upon the house of David, and upon the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the spirit of grace and of supplications: and they shall look upon me whom they have pierced, and they shall mourn for him, as one mourneth for his only son, and shall be in bitterness for him, as one that is in bitterness for his firstborn."
John 19:34-37
" 34 But one of the soldiers with a spear pierced his side, and forthwith came there out blood and water. 35 And he that saw it bare record, and his record is true: and he knoweth that he saith true, that ye might believe. 36 For these things were done, that the scripture should be fulfilled, A bone of him shall not be broken. 37 And again another scripture saith, They shall look on him whom they pierced."
More Prophecies Like This Additional Fulfillment Examples
Matthew 27:35,  Mark 15:25,  Luke 23:33,  John 20:27

The Messiah would be both God and man.
Prophecy Fulfillment
Zechariah 12:10b
"And I will pour upon the house of David, and upon the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the spirit of grace and of supplications: and they shall look upon me whom they have pierced, and they shall mourn for him, as one mourneth for his only son, and shall be in bitterness for him, as one that is in bitterness for his firstborn."
John 10:30
"I and my Father are one."
More Prophecies Like This Additional Fulfillment Examples
Matthew 22:41-45,  Mark 12:35-37,  Luke 20:41-44,  John 1:1-14,  8:58,  10:38,  13:13,  12:45,  14:7-10,  Romans 9:5,  Philippians 2:5-7  Colossians 2:9  1 Timothy 3:16,  Titus 2:13,  Hebrews 1:3,  1:8-9,  2:14
Notes

God is speaking in Zechariah 12:10 and says "... they shall look upon me whom they have pierced." It is Jesus that was pierced and yet it is God speaking. This points to the "God-man" Messianic theme seen in passages such as Isaiah 7:14, 9:6, and Jeremiah 23:5-6, and well as Zechariah 11:10-11, and 11:12-13. The events recorded here look to a time in the future when God will pour out His Holy Spirit upon the house of David and the people of Jerusalem (also see Joel 2:28). The Holy Spirit's work in the hearts of the people will draw them to the truth of Jesus, their eyes will be opened, and they will understand that which they could not understand before. "There is nothing in the whole range of scripture that is more touching than the promise contained in these simple unadorned words. As they touch the heart they fix themselves on our memory. Who can ever forget then? They shall look upon me whom they have pierced." 1   Zechariah chapter 11 pointed to the first coming and rejection of the Messiah, and Zechariah chapters 12-14 look to the second coming as Jesus is received in glory and Israel is re-born. It's interesting to note that all three person of the Trinity are represented in this passage, God who sends the Holy Spirit, the Son who was pierced and who is looked upon, and the Holy Spirit who points the people to the true understanding of Jesus.

1. A quote from Adolph Saphir referenced in "Messianic Prophecy in the Old Testament" by Aaron J. Klingerman

The Messiah would be rejected.
Prophecy Fulfillment
Zechariah 12:10c
"And I will pour upon the house of David, and upon the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the spirit of grace and of supplications: and they shall look upon me whom they have pierced, and they shall mourn for him, as one mourneth for his only son, and shall be in bitterness for him, as one that is in bitterness for his firstborn."
John 1:11
"He came unto his own, and his own received him not."

John 5:40
"And ye will not come to me, that ye might have life."

More Prophecies Like This Additional Fulfillment Examples
Matthew 13:53-58,  26:65,  27:21-23,  Mark 6:3,  12:10,  14:63,  15:9-15,  Luke 4:28-29,  17:25,  20:17,  23:18,  23:21,  John 1:11,  5:16,  5:37-40,  7:5,  7:47,  8:52,  10:33,  12:37-38,  15:24-25,  18:40,  19:6,  Acts 3:14-15, 4:10-12,  Romans 10:16,  10:21,  1 Peter 2:6-8
Notes

While Luke 23:48  records the mourning of the people immediately after the crucifixion of Jesus, Zechariah 12:10 looks forward in time to His second coming. The intense grief being displayed by the Jewish people in this future event is over the fact that collectively, the nation Israel had rejected and crucified Jesus at His first coming. The pouring out of the Holy Spirit will soften the hearts that were once so hardened. "We see the Lord pierced, and then the piercing of our own heart begins. When the Lord reveals Jesus to us, we begin to have our sins revealed. We see who it was that was pierced, and this deeply stirs our sorrow." 1

This verse is one of the sections of scripture that caused the ancient rabbis to believe that there would be two Messiahs, one "Messiah ben Joseph" who would suffer and be killed, and the other "Messiah ben David," who would be a victorious kingly Messiah. But God had a different plan in mind, instead of two Messiahs, there would be one Messiah that came twice.

1. C.H. Spurgeon, "Christ in The Old Testament"

It was God's will that the Messiah would die for all mankind.
Prophecy Fulfillment
Zechariah 13:7a
"Awake, O sword, against my shepherd, and against the man that is my fellow, saith the Lord of hosts: smite the shepherd, and the sheep shall be scattered: and I will turn mine hand upon the little ones."
John 18:11
"Then said Jesus unto Peter, Put up thy sword into the sheath: the cup which my Father hath given me, shall I not drink it?"

Galatians 1:3-4
" 3 Grace be to you, and peace, from God the Father, and from our Lord Jesus Christ, 4 Who gave himself for our sins, that he might deliver us from this present evil world, according to the will of God and our Father"

More Prophecies Like This Additional Fulfillment Examples
Matthew 26:42,  Mark 14:36,  Luke 22:42,  John 6:38,  Acts 2:23,  Romans 3:23-26,  8:3-4,  8:32,  1 Thessalonians 5:9-10 1 John 4:10
Notes

"Awake, O sword"
The sleeping sword, representing an instrument of death that had been destined for a specific purpose since before the creation of the world, is awoken from its deep and long slumber by a command from God. This represents God's foreordained plan that Jesus would be put to death as a substitutionary payment for the sins of mankind. David Baron expounds, "The slaying of the Messiah, therefore, which, in chapter 12:10-14, is viewed as being the act of the Jewish nation, of which they shall repent with such deep and godly sorrow, is in the passage now before us described as an act of God. 'Awake, O sword, against My shepherd, and against the man that is My Fellow.'" 1  Jesus' crucifixion was a willful, sinful act that represented the depravity of all mankind, but nonetheless it was in full and complete accordance with God's predestined plan of salvation for the world. 1 Corinthians 2:7-8, "But we speak the wisdom of God in a mystery, even the hidden wisdom, which God ordained before the world unto our glory: Which none of the princes of this world knew: for had they known it, they would not have crucified the Lord of glory." Jesus, "the Lamb slain from the foundation of the world" (Revelation 13:8). Also see Isaiah 53:6, 10.

1. David Baron, "Visions and Prophecies of Zechariah"

The Messiah would die a violent death.
Prophecy Fulfillment
Zechariah 13:7b
"Awake, O sword, against my shepherd, and against the man that is my fellow, saith the Lord of hosts: smite the shepherd, and the sheep shall be scattered: and I will turn mine hand upon the little ones."
Matthew 27:35
"And they crucified him ..."
More Prophecies Like This Additional Fulfillment Examples
Mark 15:24,  Luke 23:33,  John 19:18
Notes

The sword, representing the sentence of death (and often used in the scriptures as a symbol of divine judgement), is instructed to "smite" (strike) the shepherd. This is representative of the violent death which the Messiah was to experience. 1  This judgement of death was not for any sins on Jesus' part (for He was without sin), but for the sins of the world He was to take upon Himself so that we might have ever lasting life. "Thanks be unto God for his unspeakable gift" (2 Corinthians 9:15).

"My Shepherd"
As God's anointed and only begotten son, Jesus is uniquely qualified to be God's chosen shepherd and representative to Israel. This is the Good Shepherd rejected by Israel in Zechariah chapter 11.

1. See Zechariah 12:10, Messiah is to be pierced.

The Messiah would be both God and Man.
Prophecy Fulfillment
Zechariah 13:7c
"Awake, O sword, against my shepherd, and against the man that is my fellow, saith the Lord of hosts: smite the shepherd, and the sheep shall be scattered: and I will turn mine hand upon the little ones."
John 14:9
"Jesus saith unto him, Have I been so long time with you, and yet hast thou not known me, Philip? he that hath seen me hath seen the Father; and how sayest thou then, Shew us the Father?"

Philippians 2:5-7
" 5 Let this mind be in you, which was also in Christ Jesus: 6 Who, being in the form of God, thought it not robbery to be equal with God: 7 But made himself of no reputation, and took upon him the form of a servant, and was made in the likeness of men:"

More Prophecies Like This Additional Fulfillment Examples
John 5:18,  10:30,  12:44-45
Notes

"the man that is my fellow"
The word "fellow" from the Hebrew "amiyth" has been described as meaning "equal", "companion", "relative", "nearest one," "neighbor", or "partner." It also means "kindred," as in being related or having a likeness in nature. 1  Any of these interpretations point to the deity of the shepherd God is speaking of, Jesus the Messiah. In John 10:30, Jesus says "I and my Father are one."

"He is called the man that is God's fellow: if 'man,' he possesses a human nature, if God's 'fellow,' as this word denotes a close blood-relationship, he must participate in, be intimately united to, the divine nature." 2  "The idea of nearest one (or fellow) involves not only similarity in vocation, but community of physical or spiritual descent, according to which he whom God calls His neighbor cannot be a mere man, but can only be one who participates in the divine nature, or is essentially divine." 3

1. Strong's "Hebrew and Chaldee Dictionary of the Old Testament, #5997
2. William S. Kennedy, "Messianic Prophecy and the Life of Christ"
3. Keil & Delitzsch Commentary on the Old Testament

Israel would be scattered as a result of rejecting the Messiah.
Prophecy Fulfillment
Zechariah 13:7d
"Awake, O sword, against my shepherd, and against the man that is my fellow, saith the Lord of hosts: smite the shepherd, and the sheep shall be scattered: and I will turn mine hand upon the little ones."
Matthew 26:31-56
" 31 Then saith Jesus unto them, All ye shall be offended because of me this night: for it is written, I will smite the shepherd, and the sheep of the flock shall be scattered abroad. ... 56 Then all the disciples forsook him, and fled."
More Prophecies Like This Additional Fulfillment Examples
Mark 14:27,  14:50,  John 16:32
Notes

"Smite the shepherd, and the sheep shall be scattered"
A flock without a shepherd will scatter. Because the Jewish people rejected Jesus, the Good Shepherd, they would be shepherdess - being exposed to danger, and would lose their way. Jesus quotes Zechariah 13:7 to the disciples in Matthew 26:31 shortly before they fled after He was apprehended by the Roman soldiers. The statement Jesus made to the disciples can be seen as either an application of the scripture to the situation - the disciples would be "scattered," confused and afraid after their shepherd was taken to be smitten, or it can be viewed as the initiation of a progressive fulfillment that would be fully realized in 70 C.E., at the destruction of Jerusalem and the great dispersion of the Jewish people. In either event, the ultimate fulfillment of the scattering depicted in Zechariah 13:7 is the dispersion of the Jewish people that occurred in 70 C.E. at the fall of Jerusalem at the hands of the Romans.

It's interesting to note that Jesus said the that the flock would be "scattered abroad," speaking of the Jewish migration to countries throughout the world. The scattering or dispersion spoken of in Zechariah 13:7 is directly associated with the rejection of the Good Shepherd in Zechariah chapter 11, and specifically with the judgement of the breaking of the brotherhood between Judah and Israel in Zechariah 11:14.

"and I will turn mine hand upon the little ones."
There are several interpretations of the phrase "and I will turn mine hand upon the little ones" spoken by God in Zechariah 13:7. Some understand it to mean that the judgement to occur would be universal among the Jewish people, even the "little ones," the innocent people and their families would suffer because of the rejection of the Messiah caused by the religious leadership of Israel. Others see it just the opposite, that the "little ones" are the same as "the poor of the flock," the believing remnant of the Jewish people that understood that Jesus was Messiah. The phrase "turn mine hand upon" is interpreted as God's protection of the faithful (instead of the rendering "turn my hand against" signifying judgement).